Mexico City, Mexico
Mexico City | Vacations and Travel to Mexico City
Mexico City (also known as the Federal District) is one of the oldest, largest, and most populated cities on the continent. This enormous city has a cosmopolitan atmosphere that blends a rich historic past with modern day technologies. Walking the streets and wide avenues of the metropolis is an interesting journey through time, as you can admire buildings from the pre-Hispanic and colonial eras, as well as impressive modern constructions that show off the city's high level of development.
A lot of Mexico City's charm comes from the diversity that it offers, as it has a vast array of options for lovers of culture, with its numerous theaters and archeological remains, while it is also the city with the most museums in the world. Executive travelers will find world-class facilities and services, including major trade and convention centers. The city also has an impressive variety of hotels, recreational spaces, dining options, and shopping, as well as a vibrant lifestyle that makes it the political, financial, and cultural heart of the country.
Historic Downtown Area
The historic downtown area is the heart of the Federal District, and stands out for its narrow streets, museums, religious buildings, gardens, palaces and plazas. There are more than 1,400 constructions classified as Historic or Artistic Monuments by UNESCO, the most important of which include the Zocalo (main plaza), Alameda Central (a park), Teatro de Bellas Artes (Fine Arts Theater), Palacio Nacional (National Palace), Museo Nacional de Arte (National Art Museum), Catedral Metropolitana (Metropolitan Cathedral), Palacio de Mineria (Palace of Mining), and the iconic Torre Latinoamericana (Latin American Tower).
Financial and Political Heart of the Country
As the capital of the Mexico, the city is home to the offices of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial arms of the government, making Mexico City the nucleus of the financial, political, and social heart of the country, and very attractive for large corporations.
A Brief History
Mexico City has a rich and extraordinary history that dates back to the pre-Hispanic period, when it was the capital of the Mexica Empire, founded as Tenochtitlan in 1325. Up until 1519 it was run by Tlatoanis (Aztec leaders), who were the highest authority of the time. With the arrival of the Spanish and the consequent bloody wars, the Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes established the Spanish government in Coyoacan in 1521. Shortly after, the Viceroyalty of New Spain was founded. It was during this time that temples, plazas, and monuments were built, and that many of the traditional neighborhoods were born, earning the capital the name "City of Palaces."
Over the centuries, the city went through many different transformations, as a result of social, economic, and political movements in the country. Some of these included the War of Independence in 1810, the French and American invasion between 1847 and 1864, as well as the promulgation of the Reform Laws and the Constitution, the Porfiriato era (a time of great economic growth during which the Palacio de Bellas Artes was built) and the Revolution of 1910.
In the '30s there was a major cultural movement that is reflected in some of the murals that can be appreciated in buildings, around the time that the Condesa, Roma, and Del Valle neighborhoods came to prominence. Later on, in the '40s, there was a strong economic growth that led to the arrival of a large amount of immigrants. In the '60s Ciudad Universitaria (University City) was founded, and in the '70s the metro network was opened. In 1985, it was devastated by an earthquake, but was able to come back even stronger. In the 21st century, the nation's capital is one of the most important urban cities in Latin America, offering a fascinating blend of cultures and a dynamic urban center.
Mexico City Profile
- Capital of Mexico and seat of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial arms of government.
- Birthplace of the Mexican Empire
- Famous for the Tenochtitlan archeological site
- One of the cities with the most museums in the world
- Home to one of the largest airports in Latin America
- Features impressive cultural biodiversity
- Seat of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM)
- Cutting edge business infrastructure
- Full of historical, business, family-friendly, medical, and religious attractions
- Offers traditional and picturesque neighborhoods
- Excellent cuisine
- Great nightlife for all tastes and budgets
Things to do in Mexico City
- Explore the Historic Downtown area with its architectural gems that include the Zocalo, Alameda Central, Palacio de Bellas Artes, and the Latinamericana Tower.
- Explore the La Roma and La Condesa neighborhoods, with their plazas and gardens.
- Visit the boutiques of the Zona Rosa district and have a drink in one of the bars.
- Explore Paseo de la Reforma and take photos of famous monuments like the Angel of Independence, Caballito (The Horse), and Huntress Diana.
- Visit Chapultepec Forest and see its museums, the castle, the zoo, and the museum Papalote del Nino museum, without forgetting to go rowing on the lake.
- Take a tour of the main museums in the city.
- Take a tour on the turibus (tour bus) and see a large part of the city, accompanied by an expert guide.
- Go to the Polanco neighborhood, take a walk on Avenida Presidente Mazaryk and visit its prestigious boutiques and stores, eat in one of the restaurants, and have a drink at one of the bars.
- Visit Coyoacan, walk among its plazas and gardens while eating a traditional "nieve" sorbet, go to the museums, the Parroquia de San Juan Bautista church, and the handicrafts bazar, and try some street food.
- Discover the University City of the UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico), a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Visit San Angel and admire the mansions and churches
- Visit Tlalpan and spend a day in contact with nature at the Ajusco volcano or in the Tlalpan Forest.
- Take a ride on a "trajinera" boat in Xochimilco as you listen to mariachis and eat great food.
- Visit Teotihuacan.
- Go shopping in the shopping malls, plazas, and markets.
- Enjoy the city's excellent bars and nightclubs.
- Have fun at the theme parks, which are ideal for all the family.
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