Guanajuato | Vacations and Travel to Destino
Considered the birthplace of Mexico’s Independence, Guanajuato is a beautiful city that has retained its colonial architecture and deeply rooted traditions. Explore its churches, museums and squares during the day and enjoy an unforgettable party atmosphere at night. People from all over Mexico and the world come here to live, creating a bohemian and cosmopolitan atmosphere with a youthful vibe that is popular with exchange students. With its cobbled streets, narrow alleys and numerous historic monuments, Guanajuato is one of the Mexican destinations that have been named a World Heritage Site.
Arts and Culture
European Renaissance architecture was brought to Guanajuato by the Spanish and was used throughout its civil and religious buildings. Through these construction projects, the indigenous people learned new techniques, building temples and other structures in a style that combined Baroque details with their own unique touches.
Guanajuato also hosts the famous Festival Internacional Cervantino, named after the writer Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. This international festival was created to promote cultural, artistic and humanistic connections with other countries. Dance, opera, theater, music and various exhibitions all combine to provide visitors with a sublime cultural experience that adds to the atmosphere created by the mimes, jugglers and local artists who populate the streets of this picturesque town.
A Brief History
The first settlers in the state of Guanajuato were the Purepecha, who were defeated by the Spanish during the conquest in the sixteenth century. The tribe suffered numerous abuses, beginning with the exploitation of their people as they worked in the area’s mines.
The indigenous people and lower caste individuals that made up most of the population lived in extreme poverty and were given no protection as they suffered constant abuse. This social inequality was one of the causes of the War of Independence, initiated on the evening of September 16, 1810 in the city of Dolores. Led by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, insurgents traveled to Guanajuato and eventually defeated the Spanish during the battle of the “Alhondiga de Granaditas”. Years later during the French invasion, the city was the home of President Benito Juarez and became the country’s temporary capital city throughout his itinerant government.
Having survived major struggles throughout Mexico’s history as well as severe flooding in 1905, Guanajuato is now seen as an outstanding cultural destination and should not be missed by tourists vacationing in central Mexico.
- An old mining city that was one of the main producers of silver in the world
- Features buildings and structures of a great historic value
- Has a unique architectural design with tunnels and narrow alleys
- Home to a variety of museums
- Most of the city’s nightlife is made up of casual, bohemian bars
- Hosts the Festival Internacional Cervantino, considered the most important Latin American festival
Things to do in Guanajuato
- Walk through the historic center from the Campanero Bridge to Alhondiga de Granaditas, just as the insurgents did in 1810.
- To avoid having seven years of bad luck in romance, stand with your partner on the third step in the “Alley of the Kiss” and show them how much you love them.
- Admire the panoramic view from the Pipila Monument and look for the Basilica, Alhondiga and University of Guanajuato. If you’re lucky, you may even be able to see your hotel.
- Walk through the city’s tunnels and listen to your voice echo off the walls.
- Start the night off by attending a Callejoneada and stay out until dawn with people from around the world at the city’s bars and nightclubs.
- Marvel at the natural mummies displayed at the Museum of Mummies.
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