Brasilia: Vacations and travel info
Brasilia is without a doubt the "Capital of Hope". This cosmopolitan center is envied by most Latin American metropolises. Conveniently situated in the center of Brazil, the capital city offers all of its visitors a unique range of cultural, political and commercial centers. Brasilia was carefully planned out as Brazil's new capital and has transformed into the ideal spot for business thanks to its incredible infrastructure and modern design.
The city also offers a great amount of culture and entertainment for those who wish to get to know the other face of a rapidly developing country. Due to its vanguard design and unique culture, Brasilia is the only city built in the twentieth century that has been declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.
Brasilia is located in the heart of the Amazon country, set between small satellite villages and a beautiful man-made lake. The city is a gigantic political center and has many innovative buildings and structures filled with beauty and functionality. Considered a relatively new city, its buildings, hotels and streets all remain in perfect condition. The Brazilian government has worked hard to maintain Brasilia as its crown jewel.
Brasilia has a moderate climate, ranging between 63 degrees in the winter and 77 degrees in the summer. Since it's situated in the Southern Hemisphere, the winter months are July through September, while the summer is from January to March. This makes it an ideal option for escaping the cold up north to take a beautiful and pleasant vacation.
During many years, Brazil had a severe problem with population distribution, dating back to the colonial era. Its capital, back then Rio de Janeiro, was situated in the southeastern part of the country, leading to a high concentration of people inhabiting the surrounding areas. This caused a large part of Brazil's workable land to continue in disuse. In 1827, naturalist and politician Jose Bonifacio de Andrada drew up a plan in the General Assembly for the creation of a new capital city called Brasilia, whose main purpose was to shift the government's focus west, toward the center of the country. In 1894, an enormous amount of land was designated for the city's construction, and planning for the modern city finally began in 1950, with the first constructions beginning in 1956.
It was in the following year that a public contest took place to determine whose plans would be used for the construction of Brasilia. Urban planner Lucio Costa won the contest by presenting one of the most innovative designs. Immediately, Costa and the young architect Oscar Niemeyer began the colossal task of creating a city. In 1960, President Juscelino Kubitschek inaugurated a nearly completed Brasilia. While it's true that Rome wasn't built in a day, the modern city of Brasilia was constructed in a mere 41 months.
After completing the massive amount of work required for the city, thousands of people moved to the surrounding areas, forming small towns and cities to support the new capital with agriculture and labor. Brazil's administrative powers finally moved to the center of the country, resulting in a regional and neutral federal capital.
Brasilia's main attraction is its impressive architecture. It was conceived by Lucio Costa to be a sort of utopia, setting it apart from Brazil's other cities. Costa planned every last detail of the city, including its street system and highways that remain widely used, despite exponential population growth in the past few years.
The quality of life of the inhabitants is fairly high since residential areas are filled with foliage and parks for spending lazy afternoons and surrounded by shopping centers, bookstores, cafes and other recreational areas. Oscar Niemeyer and Lucio Costa have left an unforgettable mark on the city; various monuments and buildings show off their unique artistic style.
An overhead view of Brasilia shows that it takes on the shape of a bird in flight. The Three Powers Plaza, where the federal administration offices can be found, is located at the "head". The "wings" are made up of large city blocks, each containing eleven buildings that are six stories high, extending from point to point across a wingspan of eight miles.
Interestingly, many believe that Brasilia was based on a prophecy by Don Bosco of Italy, who announced in 1883 that between parallels fifteen and twenty alongside an artificial lake, a large city would be founded. Brasilia is situated exactly within these coordinates right next to Paranoa, an artificial lake. Consequently, Don Bosco was declared the city's patron saint, and Brasilia has a temple built in his honor.
Don't miss out on the opportunity to discover this beautiful city for yourself on your next vacation!
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